Management of European Technology:
Defence and Competitiveness issues
(METDAC)

The METDAC thematic network was funded by the European Commission from spring 1998 to autumn 2000. Its broadest objectives were to contribute to an understanding of how Europe can better utilise its scientific and technological potential, particularly in the defence sector, in pursuit of international competitiveness, with beneficial socio-economic consequences in terms of job creation, social cohesion, and well-being of the individual. More specifically the METDAC study sought to understand the choices in defence technology policy faced by Europe in the context of wide ranging changes in military requirements and the means by which they are met. The CREDIT network and SPSG thank the Commission for their support of this work.

I. Objectives and Key Tasks

The network's objectives are to contribute to an understanding of how Europe can better utilise its scientific and technological potential, particularly in the defence sector, in pursuit of international competitiveness, with beneficial socio-economic consequences in terms of job creation, social cohesion, and well-being of the individual.

The key tasks on which work will focus are:

  1. Mapping and measuring developments in defence-related RTD against the background of the wider European RTD scene, and with reference also to developments in the USA, Japan, and the countries of central and eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

  2. Analysis of the institutional forms and policies that are being developed

  3. Analysis of the factors that are shaping specific national responses to these problems

  4. Relation of these analyses to wider discussions of national and European RTD policies and innovation systems

II. Activities

The network will:

  1. Provide an EU-wide forum through which issues of post-Cold War developments in European RTD, and of competitiveness with the USA and Japan, with particular reference to relations between civil and military RTD, can be explored in active dialogue with firms, governments and European institutions

  2. Draw together existing academic work in this field in Europe and, by subjecting it to rigorous comparative analysis, add value to it in the form of more systematic and complete studies, and policy conclusions, than could be achieved by the researchers acting alone. It will work particularly closely with COST action 10, Defence Restructuring and Conversion, and in particular with its subgroup on industrial restructuring which is led by one of the METDAC team, Claude Serfati.

  3. Use the fact that a CREDIT member is executive secretary of the European Association for Research on Transformation e.V. (EART e.V.) to extend the network into Central and Eastern Europe, and countries of the former Soviet Union

  4. Via a planned sequence of meetings, which will involve participants from government and industry, disseminate the results of the programme at regular intervals, and produce a set of reports on these issues. These meetings include joint activity with the COST defence programme already referred to

  5. Consolidate the links made at national and European level with European industry and defence ministries and agencies through this Network by enlisting them in membership of the CREDIT network - through the CREDIT user forum - so as to secure:
    • input from users on issues and information sources
    • early and direct transfer of research results to users
    • continuing collaboration between users and defence technology analysts on issues of common concern after the end of TSER funding.

III. Intended wider benefits

The network's work will contribute to the analysis of:

  1. The dynamic performance of European systems of innovation compared with those in the USA and Japan, as post-Cold War adjustments work through

  2. The forces that are shaping technologies in their design, development, diffusion and implementation under the different social, cultural, economic, institutional and political pressures that are operating in different countries as they adjust to post-Cold War conditions

  3. Policy analyses of relationships between S&T; policy and other policies (notably defence and industrial policies), and policy relationships between the European, national and regional levels

  4. The future of competition and collaboration between the major regions of the industrialised world and between firms originating from those regions, as global restructuring takes place of that part of the high technology industries that has hitherto resided in the defence sector

IV. Publications and outputs

The following publications and outputs are available in PDF format. Simply select the file you wish to view and it will download onto your computer. (Adobe Acrobat Reader required)

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View a summary of the following publications:

Download the following publications in pdf format:


V. Final Report: Conclusions and policy implications


VI. METDAC workshops:


VII. The METDAC team:

  • Peter Healey, SPSG, London (coordinator)
  • Phil Gummett, PREST, University of Manchester (director)
  • Bjorn Hagelin, SIPRI
  • Peter Lock, EART e.V, Hamburg
  • Jordi Molas-Gallart, ICT, Barcelona
  • Guilio Perani, CeSPI, Rome
  • Claude Serfati, C3ED-UVSQ, Versailles-Saint Quentin, France
  • Wim Smit, UTwente, Netherlands